The Haitian Government and civil society representatives have requested the mission after months of turmoil and deteriorating circumstances that have been impacting civilians. This year has seen over 3,000 reported homicides and more than 1,500 cases of kidnapping for ransom.
Approximately 200,000 individuals have been compelled to leave their residences as incidents of sexual violence and mistreatment towards females and young girls by armed groups continue to rise. Tens of thousands of children are unable to attend school.
The resolution was approved with a vote of 13 in favor and 2 abstentions (from Russia and China) by ambassadors in New York. They also gave authorization for the Multinational Security Support (MSS) mission to protect important infrastructure and transportation centers, including the airport, ports, schools, hospitals, and key intersections.
The mission urged participating nations to uphold transparency, ethical behavior, and accountability for their personnel. They also requested the implementation of a system to prevent any mistreatment or misconduct, including sexual exploitation.
The non-United Nations (UN) mission is scheduled to assist in guaranteeing unrestricted and secure delivery of humanitarian assistance to the millions of Haitians who require it.
The United States and Ecuador drafted a resolution under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, which outlines the Security Council’s duties to uphold global peace and security.
‘Act of solidarity’
Jean Victor Geneus, the Foreign Minister of Haiti who is not currently a member of the Security Council, expressed gratitude to ambassadors for their backing and for introducing the monumental resolution.
According to him, this goes beyond a mere vote and serves as a show of support for a struggling population.
He stated that the resolution is a glimmer of hope for the Haitian people who have endured the consequences of a complex crisis for too long.
He called on Member States to promptly pledge their dedication to the mission in order to aid in reestablishing a secure and steady atmosphere and restoring democratic systems in the area.
Innovative method for maintaining peace.
Following the approval, Jeffrey DeLaurentis, the US Representative, stated that the Council’s decision to authorize the multinational support mission was a historic moment and a step towards creating a new method for maintaining global peace and security.
He stated that it was responding to a request from another country dealing with a complex crisis.
He stated that the implementation of this task will aid in addressing Haiti’s urgent immediate requirements and promoting the necessary safety measures for the nation to achieve lasting stability.
He stated that the mission’s main focus is to assist the Haitian police, but it is just one aspect of the overall effort to tackle the broader crisis, which includes humanitarian, economic, and political issues.
This is not just a regular vote, but rather a show of support for a struggling population.
– Jean Victor Geneus, Foreign Minister of Haiti
Supporting the people
Additionally, in his remarks following the approval, Zhang Jun, China’s Ambassador and Permanent Representative, stated that his nation has consistently exercised caution and responsibility when it comes to the Council’s implementation of Chapter VII of the UN Charter for authorizing the use of military force.
The speaker expressed the desire for the country in charge of the Multinational Security Support mission to engage in thorough discussions with Haiti regarding their specific plans for sending security forces. They also emphasized that the deployment should fully support the people of Haiti.
He also emphasized the importance of reporting to the Security Council in a timely manner. He stated that the mission must adhere to international law and basic norms of international relations to avoid violating sovereignty.
A symbol of optimism.
Martin Kimani, the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Kenya, who is not currently a Council member, expressed gratitude to the Council for their exemplary spirit of cooperation in response to his country’s courageous offer to lead the mission.
He stated that the Security Council’s decision has sparked a glimmer of hope for the suffering population of Haiti.
The Foreign Minister restated Kenya’s dedication to collaborating with Haiti’s supporters and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) member countries in creating the mission as outlined in the resolution.